Let’s increase our understanding on how myrcene is good for pain relief.
Myrcene is a terpene which is an organic compounds found in a variety of plants (and some insects) attributed to strong aromas that can act as a defense mechanism or attractants ie. flowers. If you’ve ever had a mango, you’ve consumed this phytochemical and in traditional medicine it’s properties have been attributed to pain relief. Myrcene can be found in differing concentrations in the Cannabis sativa plant aka. Hemp and Cannabis.
What’s the difference between Hemp and Cannabis?
While both scientifically are classified as Cannabis sativa, the female marijuana plant provides flowers that are rich in phytocannabinoids such as THC and to a lesser degree Cannabidiol (CBD), Cannabinol (CBN) and other varieties. The female’s flower resin glands contain the THC which produces the “high” psychoactive effect from smoking or consuming the flower whereas the male gender of cannabis is referred to typically as “hemp”. The hemp plant historically was used for its fiber, oils and seeds for consumption but the hemp flower is typically rich in CBD and not THC, resulting in no psychological effects as it usually is less than 0.3% of the plants entire biomass. Both the male and female plants provide phytocannabinoids and terpenes but to a different extent.
Where Myrcene and Terpenes Come Into Play
Myrcene is one of the most commonly found terpenes of a broad range of strains of cannabis. As mentioned above, terpenes are organic compounds found in many plants we regularly use which give them their distinct fragrance and medicinal characteristics. Basil, mint, cloves, citrus and cinnamon are but a few of many different terpene producing species of plants. Terpenes work in conjunction with the other phytocannabinoids to produce a wide range of medicinal benefits within our bodies biochemical network. These compounds working together are referred to as the “entourage effect” due to their medicinal traits being largely produced when presented together with broad or full spectrum extracts of the cannabis and hemp.
Broad Spectrum Extracts
To be simply put, broad spectrum extracts do not contain any THC but still contain many of the other compounds extracted from the plant such as cannabinoids, terpenes, lipids, flavonoids, esters and amino acids.
Full Spectrum Extracts
These extracts will typically contain less than 0.3% THC when extracted from hemp but THC is still present, the concentration is still so low that it cannot produce any psychological effects but remains in the extract contributing to the entourage effect.
Myrcene and Pain Relief
Although the scientific community is still studying the health benefits of using certain cannabinoids and terpenes for a varying degree of conditions. Some current studies show that these particular phytochemical compounds do have an effect on our nervous system in a variety of positive ways. Myrcene can play a distinct role in our tolerance to pain.
Myrcene Relieves Pain By Interacting With Our TRPV-1 Receptors
The presence of myrcene antagonizes our ability to release extracellular cations (positively charged atoms) across our cell membranes and reacts with our Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors (Jansen et al., 2019). TRPV1 are cation channels that, when activated, allow cations such as capsaicin, sodium and calcium through the membrane of a cell which can create painful sensations in humans (Jansen et al., 2019). Capsaicin is a compound largely found in chili peppers and through this mechanism of moving through our TRPV1 receptors into the cellular matrix results in a burning sensation, the pain associated with TRPV1 receptors can also be caused by high heat and inflammation.
Myrcene and CBD can increase our tolerance to these effects of TRPV1 activation, in other words, relieve our pain caused by certain stimuli. The entourage effect plays its role by including many compounds that affect our system as a whole. Always look at our bodies as holistic systems, not just parts of a system.
Our biology is a mosaic, working together. An event that occurs in one area, can illicit an effect on another. This is how the entourage effect comes into play, utilizing the many compounds of the plant together increases the beneficial effects. Myrcene and CBD products have been spotlighted as potential analgesic (pain killer) alternatives to opioids and pharmaceutical products.
Look at it this way, you may have pain in your wrist, like my grandfather, due to inflammation that causes stiffness and soreness in the form of a burning sensation. Myrcene can help directly with the pain relief by increasing our tolerance to this particular sensation. Myrcene along with the anti-inflammatory effects of CBD and other organic compounds from the plant, are supporting each other to address the pain relief in this area.
See how it all comes together?
Common Mistakes When Trying CBD Products
So when choosing a product to utilize towards your current affliction, use this type of information to pick the right one. I have had so many friends and family say “it didn’t work” or “I don’t know if it does anything” but I ask the same questions every time.
Did you increase your dosage each time? (See our article on What dosage do I need?)
Have you been using it consistently every day, while upping the dosage to find the right amount?
Have you tried using your product locally? (instead of under the tongue, rubbing it to the site of discomfort?)
See a pattern here? Like anything, you have to give it a proper go and experiment to see what (if anything) works for you. Commitment and consistency is usually rewarded with results.
Using Myrcene Rich Products for Pain Relief – Recommendations by AnuCBD
If you are interested and want to try a specialized product by AnuCBD, we recommend the following.
1. Terpene Enriched Tinctures (Pain) – Is our highest concentration of CBD & Myrcene, coming in 1000mg potency it will last months since you only need to take a half dropper (0.5 ml) a day to receive a higher dosage of CBD (10 mg). This product helped my grandfather largely with this arthritis and can be used topically for a localized effect.
2. Terpene Enriched Tinctures (Recovery) – Is a very potent concentrated tincture of CBD, Myrcene and Beta-Caryophyllene. B-Caryophyllene is another extremely potent terpene that has immense anti-inflammatory properties. Adding an added bonus to the potential this tincture has to help with pain relief.